MP 365 MP SPECIAL 26

Rani Laxmibai

  • CM Paid obeisance to Rani Laxmibai on her birth anniversary.
  • Rani Laxmibai was born on 19 November, 1828 in Varanasi.
  • She was named Manikarnika as a child.
  • In 1842, she was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao of Jhansi and became the queen of Jhansi. After marriage she was renamed Lakshmi bai.
  • Rani Laxmibai became the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi state
  • Martyr of the 1857 first freedom struggle.
  • At the age of just 29, she fought with the army of the British Empire and became a martyr in the battlefield.

Dr. Jagdish Chandra Bose : Death anniversary

  • CM Paid homage to the famous scientist Dr. Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose on his death anniversary.

Dr. Jagdish Chandra Bose

  • Born on November 30, 1858 in Memon Singh (now Bangladesh) of Faridpur in Dhaka district of Bengal.
  • Since childhood, he was very fond of trees and plants, he was also fond of reading the Mahabharata, Gita and The Ramayana.
  • Deep knowledge of Physics, Biology, Botany and Archaeology.
  • First scientist to work on the optics of radio and microwaves.
  • Many important discoveries in Botany.
  • First Indian scientist to get an American patent.
  • Considered the father of Radio Science.
  • Dr. Bose also used to write science fiction and is also considered the father of Bengali science fiction.
  • Died on November 23, 1937 in Kolkata.

Shri Kailash Joshi Death anniversary

  • Shri Joshi was one of the founding members of Jansangh in 1957.
  • Late Shri Joshi became the CM of MP after emergency in the year 1977-78.
  • Shri Joshi was chosen MLA 8 times, Member of Lok Sabha twice and Member of Rajya Sabha once.
  • Late Shri Joshi served as the first state president from 1980 to 84 after the formation of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
  • Shri Joshi was also the Leader of the Opposition from 1972 to 1977.
  • Late Shri Joshi passed away at the age of 90 on November 24, 2019.

Dr. Harisingh Gour Birth Anniversary

  • Paid homage to Dr. Harisingh Gour on his birth anniversary.
  • Dr. Harisingh Gour was the founder of Sagar University, educationist, eminent legal scholar, jurist, social reformer, litterateur, great donor and patriot.
  • He was one of the best educationists of the twentieth century.
  • Dr. Gour was the Vice Chancellor of Delhi University and Nagpur University.
  • He was also the Deputy Chairman of the Constituent Assembly of India, a member of the Simon Commission and a Fellow of the Royal Society for Literature.
  • Dr. Gour had established Sagar University in Sagar on July 18, 1946. He was the founder, vice-chancellor of this university, but remained determined to develop and save the university till the last time of his life (25 December 1949).
  • His dream was to that Sagar University may be recognised like Cambridge and Oxford.
  • Dr. Harisingh Gour was born on November 26, 1870 in Sagar district.
  • Dr. Harisingh Gour composed two poetry collections in his student days, The Stepping Westward and Other Poems and Raymond Time.
  • For this work, he was awarded the Gold Medal by the well-known Royal Society of Literature.
  • The foreword of Gour Saheb’s book titled “Spirit of Buddhism” in the year 1929 was written by the renowned poet Shri Rabindra Nath Tagore.

Satyendra Nath Bose

  • Born – (1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974)
  • Indian mathematician and physicist specialising in theoretical physics.
  • He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, collaborating with Albert Einstein in developing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.
  • A Fellow of the Royal Society

He was awarded India’s second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan, in 1954 by the Government of India

Mahatma Phule Death anniversary

  • Mahatma Jyotiba Phule was born on April 11, 1827 in Pune.
  • His family came to Pune from Satara several generations ago and started making gajras (flower) etc.
  • Therefore, these people engaged in the work of phool (flowers) came to be known as ‘Phule’.
  • Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was an Indian social reformer, social enlightener, thinker, social worker, writer, philosopher and revolutionary activist.
  • He is also known as Mahatma Phule, Jyotiba or Jotiba Phule.
  • Jyotiba established ‘Satyashodhak Samaj’ in the year 1873 to provide justice to the poor and weaker sections.
  • Seeing his social service, he was given the title of ‘Mahatma’ in the year 1888 in a huge gathering in Mumbai.
  • Mahatma Phule did many works for the upliftment of women and the Dalits. He was a strong supporter of providing education to all sections of the society.
  • He was against the caste based division and discrimination prevalent in the Indian society.
  • Mahatma Jyotirao Phule was opposed to child marriage and he supported widow remarriage.
  • He wanted to free the society from evil practices and superstitions.
  • He spent his whole life in providing education to women, making women aware of their rights.
  • Mahatma Phule wanted to save women from gender discrimination.
  • He established the first school for girls in India in Pune.
  • Phule used to be very upset and saddened by the then pathetic condition of women.
  • That is why he firmly decided that he would continue to bring about revolutionary changes in the society.
  • He himself imparted education to his wife Savitri Bai Phule.
  • Savitri Bai Phule was the first female teacher of India.
  • Jyotirao Phule died on November 28, 1890 in Pune.

Shri Vasudev Phadke ( FATHER OF MILITANT NATIONALISM)

  • CM Paid homage to the revolutionary of freedom struggle Shri Vasudev Balwant Phadke on his anniversary.

Shri Vasudev Balwant Phadke

  • Born : 4th November, 1845 in Kelshi village of Raigad district, Konkan.
  • Death : 17 February 1883
  • In 1862, he was amongst the early graduates of Bombay University. He worked in various government institutions like Grant Medical College and Commissariat Examiner’s Office at Mumbai before coming to Pune in 186
  • After that, he moved to Pune and took up a job as a clerk in the Military Finance Office.
  • Revolutionary of India’s freedom struggle
  • Called as Adi Krantikari. He started building an army of revolutionaries in order to overthrow the British in an armed struggle. He is hence aptly called the ‘Father of militant nationalism in India.’
  • Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s patriotic novel Anand Math incorporated various contemporary acts of patriotism performed by Phadke during his freedom struggle.
  • He firmly believed that “Swaraj” is the only cure for this disease.
  • He followed the armed path to attain freedom.
  • Created a revolutionary organisation named ‘Ramoshi’ by organising the Koli, Bhil and Dhangad communities of Maharashtra,

Padmashri Nanda Prusty

  • The death of 102-year-old Shri Nanda Prusty, who was a teacher of Orissa.
  • He was an advocate of simple living and high thinking.
  • Recently, when he was being conferred with Padmashri at Rashtrapati Bhavan, he had reached there barefoot.

Chairman of Khadi Village Industries Board, Mr. Litoria

  •  President of Madhya Pradesh Khadi and Village Industries Board, Shri Jitendra Litoria has assumed the post of President today.
  • Managing Director of Madhya Pradesh Khadi and Village Industries Board Mrs. Anubha Srivastava welcomed him and made him aware of the working system of the board.

Death of author Shri Ashk

  • Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan has condoled the death of famous journalist, writer, poet, lyricist, screen writer Shri Ibrahim Ashk. Chief Minister Shri Chouhan said in a condolence message that the untimely loss of the Gem of Madhya Pradesh is an irreparable loss to the literary world. He said that Shri Ashk will always be in our hearts through his songs and compositions.
  • Birth place – Multanpura, Mandsaur

Pt. Birju Maharaj

  • Pandit Brijmohan Mishra, popularly famous as Pandit Birju Maharaj, was a prominent Indian Kathak dancer.
  • He was a pioneer dancer of the Lucknow Kalika-Bindadin Gharana of classical Kathak dance.
  • Pandit ji was a descendant of the Maharaj family of Kathak dancers, in which other prominent figures include his two uncle and tau, Pt. Shambhu Maharaj and Pt. Lachhu Maharaj and his own father and guru Pt. Acchan Maharaj.
  • Birth  – Present-day Handia, Allahabad District, Uttar Pradesh, India)

Tribute to freedom fighter Shri Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das

  • Paid homage to Shri Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das on his anniversary.

Shri Chittaranjan Das

  • Shri Chittaranjan Das was a well-known politician, lawyer, poet, journalist and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement.
  • Born : November 5, 1870 at Telirbagh in the Bengal Presidency, currently in Bangladesh
  • Death : 16 June 1925 in Darjeeling.
  • He was the son of Bhuban Mohan Das, a lawyer, and his wife Nistarini Debi.
  • His family members were actively involved in Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Brahmo Samaj.
  • Das’s uncle, Durga Mohan Das was a prominent Brahmo social reformer and worked in the fields of widow remarriage and women’s liberation.
  • 1890, Das completed his graduation from Calcutta’s Presidency College and then went to England to pursue higher studies and take the Indian Civil Services exam. He, however, did not clear the ICS.
  • He finished his law studies from England and returned to India in 1893.
  • He practised law for many years at the Calcutta High Court.
  • In the 1908 Alipore Bomb Case, Das defended Aurobindo Ghosh and gained fame among Indians.
  • The case of Man Siktala Bagh Conspiracy gave him a good standing at the Calcutta High Court.
  • Contributed to English weekly ‘Bande Mataram’ along with Aurobindo and Bipin Chandra Pal.
  • He actively advocated the use of the Bengali language in university examinations.
  • He championed the cause of Khadi and cottage industries and gave up his own western clothes
  • Became involved with the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Became an important member of the Indian National Congress for his public speaking skills and insight.
  • In 1921, he was arrested along with his son and wife for taking part in the movement.
  • When Gandhi Ji withdrew the non-cooperation movement in 1922 owing to the incident at Chauri Chaura, Das and others objected since the movement was going on in full swing.
  • He, along with Motilal Nehru, established the Swaraj Party in January 1923.
  • He was a prolific writer and poet. He published his collection of poems in two volumes titled ‘Malancha’ and ‘Mala’.
  • Gandhi was a great admirer of Das and called him a great soul.

Deshbandhu

  • Gave all his property to the medical college and hospital. Seeing his great sacrifice, people started calling him ‘Deshbandhu’.
  • Das died of a severe fever on 16 June 1925 in Darjeeling.

Maharshi Swami Dayanand Saraswati

  • Swami Dayanand Saraswati
  • Born on February 12, 1824
  • Tankara, Gujarat
  • Childhood name was ‘Moolshankar’.
  • Founded the Arya Samaj to propagate the Vedas and to give freedom to Aryavarta.
  • ‘Go Back to the Vedas’ was his main slogan.
  • He passed away on October 30, 1883.

Chhatrapati Shivaji, Guru Golwalkar’s birth anniversary and Gokhale’s death anniversary

  • Chief Minister Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan paid obeisance to
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji on his birth anniversary
  • Madhav Sadashivrao Golwalkar (Guru Golwalkar) on his birth anniversary
  • Gopal Krishna Gokhale on his death anniversary by garlanding him in the Chief Minister’s residence hall today.

Swami Ramkrishna Paramhans on His Anniversary

  • Ramkrishna Paramhans was born on February 18, 1836 in Kamarpukur village in the Bengal state.
  • Swami Ramkrishna Paramhans was a great saint, spiritual master and thinker.
  • He emphasised the unity of all religions.
  • Swami Ramkrishna Paramhans passed away on August 16, 1886.
  • He was the Guru and Mentor of Swami Vivekananda

Shri Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman (National Science Day)

  •  Shri Chandrashekhar Venkataraman
  • Indian physicist
  • 1888,  Born on November 7, 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu.
  • 1928, Discovered the Raman Effect on February 28, 1928, in memory of which this day is celebrated every year in India as ‘National Science Day’.
  • This invention is known as the Raman Effect after his name.
  • 1930  Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics for his outstanding work on the scattering of light.
  • 1954, Bharat Ratna by the Government of India.
  • 1957Lenin Peace Prize.

Shri Bipin Chandra Pal

  • 1858, Born on November 7, 1858 in Habibganj district of undivided India, now in Bangladesh.
  • 1932, Passed away on May 20, 1932
  • One of the trio of Lal-Bal-Pal
  • Nationalist leader, Teacher, Journalist, Writer and Speaker.
  • Considered the Father of Revolutionary Ideas in India.
  • He believed that mere prayer petition would not lead to Swaraj.

Shri Pal was instrumental in creating awareness for boycott of goods produced in Britain, abstaining from clothes made in Manchester mills and strikes in industrial and commercial establishments

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