MP 365 MP SPECIAL 14

Swami Vivekananda

Goswami Tulsidas Jayanti

  • Goswami Tulsidas, the creator of the great epic Ramcharitmanas.
  • Goswami Tulsidas was born in 1532 in Rajapur village of Banda district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Tulsidas ji has composed 16 compositions in his lifetime, of which the main are
    • ‘Ramcharitmanas’
    • ‘Gitavali’
    • ‘Vinay Patrika’
    • ‘Dohavali’
    • ‘Barvai Ramayana’
    • ‘Hanuman Bahuk’.
  • Tulsidas Ji got the title of Kaviraj due to these works.

Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma – BHOPAL

  • Born on August 19, 1918 in Bhopal.
  • Passed on October 9, 1999.
  • In the year 1971 and 1980, he won the Lok Sabha seat from Bhopal.
  • 8th Vice President of India  1987-1992
  • 9th President of India 1992-97
  • Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma was the first person from Madhya Pradesh who became the President of India.
  • Participated in the ‘Freedom Struggle of India’.

Former CM Late. Shri Babulal Gaur

  • Babulal Gour also known as Bulldozer Man’

Madhavrao Scindia (Scindia Dynasty)

  • On September 30, 2001 passed away in a plane crash.

History of Scindias

  • The Scindia dynasty was founded by Ranoji.
  • In 1726  Ranoji was in charge of the Maratha conquests in Malwa .
  • Ranoji established his capital at Ujjain in 1731.
  • Scindhia successors included Jayajirao, Jyotibarao, Dattajirao, Mahadji Shinde and Daulatrao Scindia.
  • The Scindhia state of Gwalior became a major regional power in the half of the 18th century and figured prominently in the three Anglo-Maratha Wars.
  • Scindhia held sway over many of the Rajput states, and conquered north India.

Daulatrao Shinde

  • Daulatrao Shinde was forced to accept local self-sufficiency  a princely state within British India and to give up Ajmer to the British and 1818 the defeat of the allied Maratha states by British in the Third Maratha War.

Mahadeji Sindhia

  • 1761  in  Panipat  Mahadaji was instrumental in resurrecting Maratha power in North India after the third Battle  and rose to become a trusted representative of the Peshwa.

Jayaji Rao

  • During mutiny 1857, Scindia ruler was Jayaji Rao.

Jivaji Rao

  • 1947 Shinde family ruled Gwalior until India’s independence from the United Kingdom, Maharaja Jivajirao Shinde acceded to the Government of India.
  • Gwalior was merged with number of other royal states to become the new Indian state of Madhya Bharat.
  • 28 May 1948 to 31 October 1956  –  Jivajirao served as the state’s rajpramukh, appointed governor , when Madhya Bharat was merged  into Madhya Pradesh.
  • appointed as Raj Pramukh after independence on 18th May 1948 for the Central India.
  • He served the territory (State Madhya Bharat, Group- B) till 31st oct 1956.
  • Vasundhara Raje scindia – Only women in the Indian History who was born in MP had been member of Parliament, from birth state and another state (Rajasthan) and also served as Central Minister as well as chief minister.

Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati

  • Paid homage to Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati on his death anniversary.
  • Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati was a great thinker of modern India, social reformer and founder of Arya Samaj, great patriot and social worker.

Facts To Know – Swami Dayanand Saraswati

  • Born on February 12, 1824 in Tankara, Gujarat.
  • His childhood name was Mool Shankar.
  • He founded Arya Samaj in 1875 to propagate the Vedas and get Aryavarta independence.
  • He always considered the power of the Vedas to be paramount.
  • ‘Go Back to the Vedas’ was his main slogan.
  • He passed away on 30 October 1883.
  • The first Arya Samaj unit was formally set up by him at Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1875 and later the headquarters of the Samaj were established at Lahore.
  • His vision of India included a classless and casteless society, a united India (religiously, socially and nationally), and an India free from foreign rule, with Aryan religion being the common religion of all.
  • He took inspiration from the Vedas and considered them to be ‘India’s Rock of Ages’, the infallible and the true original seed of Hinduism. He gave the slogan “Go Back to the Vedas”.
  • He subscribed to the Vedic notion of chaturvarna system in which a person was not born in any caste but was identified as a brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya or shudra according to the occupation the person followed.

Contribution to the Education System:

  • He introduced a complete overhaul of the education system and is often considered as one of the visionaries of modern India.
  • The DAV (Dayanand Anglo Vedic) schools came into existence in 1886 to realize the vision of Swami Dayanand Saraswati.
  • The first DAV School was established at Lahore with Mahatma Hansarj as the headmaster.

What is Arya Samaj?

  • Institution was founded in 1875 with the aim to reestablish the Vedas, the earliest Hindu scriptures, as revealed truth. He rejected all later accretions to the Vedas as degenerate but, in his own interpretation, included much post-Vedic thought.

Amar Shaheed Bhagat Singh

CM paid homage to Amar Shaheed Bhagat Singh on his birth anniversary.

Facts to Know

  • Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in Banga, Lyallpur district of undivided India.
  • His family was a supporter of the Ghadar Party.
  • Studied up to 5th standard in the village and after that his father Kishan Singh got him enrolled in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, Lahore.
  • At a very young age, Bhagat Singh joined the non-cooperation movement
  • Jallianwala Bagh massacre had a deep impact on Bhagat Singh’s mind.
  • Bhagat Singh along with Chandrashekhar Azad formed a revolutionary organisation.
  • Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death in the Lahore Conspiracy Case and Batukeshwar Dutt was given life imprisonment.
  • Bhagat Singh was hanged along with Sukhdev and Rajguru at 7:30 pm on March 23, 1931 at LAHORE JAIL

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

  • Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the social reformer, the pioneer of Indian renaissance

Facts To Know

  • Founder of the Brahmo Samaj 1828
  • Leader of the mass awakening and social reform movement
  • Father of the Renaissance era in Bengal.
  • Originator of the Indian linguistic press
  • Akbar II called him with the name RAJA

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

Facts To Know

  • Shri Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay was awarded the title of Vidyasagar in his student days because of his scholarly knowledge of Sanskrit and philosophy.
  • Born on 26 September 1820 in Veer Singh village of Medinipur district of Bengal.
  • Called as the patron of the Dalits and the poor.
  • Due to his efforts, the law for widow marriage was passed in the year 1856.
  • While he raised his voice to educate daughters, he also opposed child marriage.
  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar passed away on July 29, 1891.

Martyr Madan Lal Dhingra

  • Martyr Madanlal Dhingra, a freedom fighter, was born on September 18, 1883 in the Punjab province.
  • He went to England in 1906 for higher education.
  • In London, Dhingra came in contact with eminent nationalists Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Shyamji Krishna Varma.
  • All the patriots there were angry with the death sentence given to revolutionaries like Khudiram Bose, Kanhai Lal Dutt, Satinder Pal and Kashi Ram.
  • As a result, Madanlal Dhingra firedshots at Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie at the annual festival of the Indian National Association.
  • After hearing the case of Madanlal Dhingra in July, 1909, he was hanged by the British Government on August 17, 1909.

Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi

  • CM Paid tribute to freedom fighter and eminent journalist Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi on his birth anniversary.
  • He was a fearless and impartial journalist, social worker and freedom fighter. His name is eternal and immortal in the history of India’s freedom movement.

Facts to Know

  • Ganesh Shankar ‘Vidyarthi’ was born on 26 October 1890 in Allahabad.
  • Journalist who, with the power of his writing, shook the British rule in India.
  • Supported and cooperated with the non-violent ideas and revolutionaries alike with pen and speech.
  • He was associated with revolutionary papers like ‘Karmayogi’ and ‘Swarajya’ and also wrote his articles in them.

He was also the editor of “Pratap

Acharya Vinoba Bhave

  • Acharya Vinoba Bhave was born on September 11, 1895.
  • He was a freedom fighter and social worker.
  • Started the Bhoodan movement.
  • Imprisoned in the Nagpur Jhanda Satyagraha.
  • Bhave also studied and contemplated on the modern principles of economics, politics and philosophy.
  • He was the first person to have received the International Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 1958.
  • He died on November 15, 1982. In 1983, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian award.

Dadabhai Naoroji

  • Tributes to Dadabhai Naoroji, popularly known as The Grand Old Man of India, on his birth anniversary.
  • Dadabhai Naoroji made a significant contribution for India’s independence.
  • He is counted as one of the founders of political and social leadership in India.
  • He pointed out the evils of colonial administration.
  • He was an intellectual, educationist, economist, staunch nationalist, social reformer and teacher.
  • Dadabhai Naoroji played a major role in the establishment of several organizations such as the Royal Asiatic Society of Bombay and the East Indian Association in London.
  •  He was the first Indian to be a member of the British Parliament.
  • He served as Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom, the House of Commons as a member of the Liberal Party.
  • Dadabhai Noroji died on June 30, 1917.

Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

  • Iron Man Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel birthday is celebrated as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas.
  • Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel fulfilled the dream of building a strong nation by merging 562 princely states of India.

Facts to Know SARDAR VALLABH BHAI PATEL

  • Born on October 31, 1875 in Nadiad in a farming family.
  • Sardar Patel was a freedom fighter and the first home minister of independent India.
  • He was instrumental in the freedom struggle, due to which he is also called the Iron Man of India.
  • Sardar Patel got the name Sardar, after Bardoli Satyagraha.

Former PM Smt. Indira Gandhi

  • Paid homage to former Prime Minister Late Smt. Indira Gandhi on her death anniversary.
  • Smt. Indira Gandhi was the PM of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977.
  • After this, she again became the PM for the fourth time in 1980.
  • She was the first woman Prime Minister of India.

Facts To Know

  • Daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the 1st prime minister of India. 
  • Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was an Indian politician and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
  • She was the 3rd Prime Minister Of India and was also the first and, to date, only Female prime minister of India.

Dr. Abdul Kalam

  • Dr. Kalam is also known as Missile Man.
  • Born on October 15, 1931 in Dhanushkodi, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu.
  • Studied physics and aerospace engineering.
  • 11th President of the Republic of India.
  • Dr. Kalam served as a scientist and science administrator for the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for four decades.
  • He was instrumental in the development of India’s space programme and military missiles.
  • He played a decisive, organizational and technical role in nuclear testing.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was also honored with the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 1997

2nd October – Mahatma Gandhi and Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

  • Lal Bahadur Shastri, one of the popular icons of India’s freedom struggle against British rule whose slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan” at the time of the 1965 war became very popular. 
  • Born on October 2, 1904, at Mugalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, Lal Bahadur Shastri grew up to become the second Prime Minister of the country.
  • Nanhe, or ‘little one’ as he was called at home
  • At the time of freedom struggle, he led several campaigns and spent a total of seven-year in British jails.
  • His slogan “Jai Jawan-Jai Kisan” had infused new consciousness and energy in the country.

Mahatma Gandhi

  • Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India- died January 30, 1948, Delhi).
  • Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.
  • As such, he came to be considered the father of his country.
  • Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (Satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian statesman who served three terms as the prime minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, followed by a full term from 1999 to 2004.
  • AB Vajpayee was one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
  • Born – 25 December 1924, Gwalior
  • Awards – Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan
  • Declared in 2014 that Vajpayee’s birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day.
  • In 2015, he was conferred India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna.

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