MP 365 MP SPECIAL 13

Table of Contents

Players trained from MP Women’s Hockey Academy represented in the Indian team of Tokyo Olympics

Indian women’s hockey team Reached Semi Finals

  • Captain Rani Rampal
  • Captain Rani Rampal’s team lost the Hockey Bronze Medal match 3-4 to the Britain (Rio Olympic champions) at Tokyo

Incentive 31 lakhs to Indian women hockey players

  • MP gives an incentive of Rs 31 lakh to each of the players of Indian women’s hockey team of Tokyo Olympics 2020.
  • Sports Minister Smt. Yashodhara Raje Scindia.
  • When the Indian women’s hockey team remained 4th fourth in the Tokyo Olympics
  • Five players coached from Madhya State Women’s Hockey Academy represented the country in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
  • They include Sushila Chanu, Reena Khokar, Monica, Rajni and Vandana Kataria.

INDIAN HOCKEY at OLYMPICS

1928 Amsterdam Olympics: GOLD

  • India won their first medal in Olympic hockey by beating Netherlands 3-0 in the finals of the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics. This was also India’s first gold medal ever at the Olympics.

1932, Los Angeles: GOLD

  • India successfully defended their title four years later in Los Angeles and bagged consecutive gold medals in the Olympics. In the Los Angeles Olympics in 1932, India defeated USA 24-1, which continuous to be biggest margin of victory in the history Olympics hockey.

1936, Berlin: GOLD

  • The Dhyan Chand-led Indian side completed a hat-trick of golds in Olympics by beating Germany 8-1 – the biggest margin in Olympics hockey finals – in front of their home crowd in Berlin in 1936.

1948, London: GOLD

  • India continued their domination in the Games despite the 1940 and 1944 getting cancelled due to the second World War. This was India’s first medal in Olympics after independence and what made it sweeter was the fact that they had beaten Great Britain 4-0 in the finals.

1952, Helsinki: GOLD

  • Balbir Singh Sr scored five goals in the Olympics final against Netherlands as India won their fifth straight gold medal at the mega event.

1956, Melbourne: GOLD

  • In what marked as the beginning of the battle between the arch-rivals, India beat neighbours Pakistan 1-0 in the finals in Melbourne to win another gold.

1960, Rome: SILVER

  • The 0-1 loss to Pakistan ended India’s six straight Olympic gold-winning run in the Rome Olympics in 1960. The Indian men’s hockey team had to be satisfied with a silver.

1964, Tokyo: GOLD

  • India came back strongly in the next Olympics held in Tokyo and beat Pakistan in the finals to bag their seventh gold in the Olympics.

1968, Mexico City: BRONZE

  • This was the first time that the Indian team failed to make the finals of an Olympic. They were beaten by Australia in the semi-final and had to be settled with a bronze after beating West Germany.

1972, Munich: BRONZE

  • India once again failed to make it to the finals of the Olympics after they were beaten by Pakistan in the semifinals. India beat Netherlands to claim their second bronze.

1980, Moscow: GOLD

  • In the Olympic Games played in a format which did not have semi-finals, India beat Spain in the finals to claim their 8th gold medal in Olympics.

2021, Tokyo: BRONZE

  • India beat Germany 5-4 to bag their 12th medal in the Olympics – a bronze – after 41 years.

PARALYMPIANS @ TOKYO

Prachi Yadav: Para Canoeing (1st Indian Woman)

  • Madhya Pradesh’s daughter Prachi Yadav has become the first Indian woman to represent India at the Olympic level in Para-Canoeing.
  • She won Bronze Medal
  • Para Olympics being held in Tokyo from August 24 to September 5.
    • Prachi Yadav in Canoeing
    • Shri Sharad Kumar in High Jump represented India.

Para Olympic medalists Sharad Kumar and Mariyappan Thangavelu

  • Para Olympic medalists Sharad Kumar and Mariyappan Thangavelu.
  • Shri Sharad Kumar who was coached at T.T. Nagar Stadium Bhopal
  • Shri Sharad Kumar Winning bronze medal in T-42 category of men’s high jump at the Tokyo Olympics.
  • Shri Mariyappan Thangavelu winning the silver medal in T-42 category of Para Olympic men’s high jump.

Avani Lakhera makes India proud

  • Avani Lakhera, who created history by winning bronze medal in rifle shooting.
  • Avani has become the first Indian woman to have bagged two medals simultaneously in the Olympics or Paralympics.
  • On August 30, Avani Lakhera won the gold medal by securing first position in 10m air rifle shooting.
  • Became the first Indian woman to win a gold medal at the Paralympics

Chief Minister Shri Chouhan congratulates Shri Praveen Kumar on winning silver medal

  • Shri Praveen Kumar winning silver medal in high jump in Tokyo Para Olympics.
  • This performance of Shri Praveen Kumar has made the country proud.

Chief Minister Shri Chouhan congratulates Para Olympic players for their excellent performance

  • Gold medal winner Shri Manish Narwal in Pistol Shooting Mixed 50 Meter
  • Silver medalist Shri Singhraj Adhana in Pistol Shooting Mixed 50 Meter
  • Badminton Men’s Singles SL-3 gold medal winner Shri Pramod Bhagat
  • Bronze medal winner Shri Manoj Sarkar winning medals for the country in the Para Olympics.

State Sports Mallakhamb

  • Mallakhamb is a traditional sport, originating from the Indian subcontinent, in which a gymnast performs aerial yoga or gymnastic postures and wrestling grips in concert with a vertical stationary or hanging wooden pole, cane, or rope.
  • The word Mallakhamb also refers to the pole used in the sport. 
  • The pole is usually made from sheesham (Indian rosewood) polished with castor oil.
  • On 10 April 2013, Mallakhamb is declared as the state game of MP.

World class hockey stadium will be built in the state

  • A world class hockey stadium will be constructed in the state which will benefit both sportspersons and sports enthusiasts.
  •  Not only this, in-principle approval has been obtained by the central government to organize the
    2022 Khelo India Games in Bhopal.

Facts To Know

  • Players in Hockey – 11 players

Aishwary Pratap Singh Tomar set world record with gold

  • Aishwary Pratap Singh Tomar set world record win gold medal  in 50 m rifle 3 positions ISSF junior world championship
  • World record set in 50 m rifle three position in ISSF junior world championship,

Facts To Know

  • 50m RIFLE 3 Positions Men
  • The 50m Rifle 3 Positions Men is an ISSF event where athletes shoot over a distance of 50 meters or 54.68 yards in kneeling, prone and standing positions, using a 5.6 millimeters or 0.22 inches caliber rifle, with a maximum weight of 8.0 kilograms or 17.64 libbers.

ISSF Shooting Junior World Championship Winners

  • CM congratulated 3 women players for winning silver medal in ISSF Shooting Junior World Championship.
    • Ayushi Poddar
    • Sushri Nischal and
    • Prasiddhi Mahant (Bhopal’s daughter )
  • The ISSF World Shooting Championships are governed by the International Shooting Sport Federation.
  • World Shooting Championships began in 1897, after the successful 1896 Summer Olympics, and although the ISSF was not founded until 1907, these early competitions are still seen by the organization as the beginning of a continuous row of championships.
  •  These championships, including all ISSF shooting events, are held every four years since 1954.

Rani Durgavati – Birth Anniversary (5th October)

Born: (5 October 1524 – 24 June 1564)

  • Born in the family of Chandel Rajput king Keerat Rai at the fort of Mahoba ( Uttar Pradesh).
  • She was ruling Queen of Gondwana from 1550 until 1564.
  • Gondwana area – considered to be the eastern part of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, the parts of Madhya Pradesh immediately to the north of it, and parts of the west of Chhattisgarh.
  • The name of her state was Garha mandla and present day Jabalpur was the center of her state. Her father, King Keerat Rai, was Rajput ruler of Chandel dynasty. She was born in the famous Kalinjar fort in Banda, UP.
  • She was married to Dalpat Shah, the eldest son of king Sangram Shah of Gond Dynasty.
  • This alliance between the Chandels and the Gonds was successful in curbing the increasing power of Sher Shah Suri.
  • In 1550, Dalpat Shah died leaving behind a young son named Vir Narayan. Rani took the reigns of the Gond kingdom into her hands and ruled as the guardian of her son. Rani’s achievements further enhanced the glory of her ancestral tradition of courage and patronage.
  • Rani moved her capital to Chauragarh from Singaurgarh. Chauragarh was a fort of strategic importance situated on the Satpura ranges. She was instrumental in constructing various temples, dhramshalas, mathas and wells in her kingdom.
  • In 1562, Akbar defeated Baz Bahadur and annexed Malwa. As a result, the borders of Gond Kingdom now touched those of the Mughal Empire.
  • In the year 1983, the Government of Madhya Pradesh renamed the University of Jabalpur as Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya in her memory.

Arvind Trivedi passes away(Ramayan)

  • Shri Arvind Trivedi left an indelible mark with his performance in the serial Ramayana.
  • He was an actor in Gujarati Cinema.

Facts To know (Ramayana)

  • Ramayana is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India and important text of Hinduism, the other being the Mahabharata.
  • The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Maharishi Valmiki, narrates the life of Rama, a legendary prince of Ayodhya city in the kingdom of Kosala.

Lok Nayak Jaiprakash Narayan- Death Anniversary (October 8)

Chief Minister Shri Chouhan offers garland on the death anniversary of Lok Nayak Jaiprakash Narayan

  • Shri Jaiaprakash Narayan, popularly known as JP or ‘Lok Nayak’, was an Indian freedom fighter, social reformer and politician.
  • Known for leading the opposition against Smt. Indira Gandhi in 1970.

Facts To Know

  • Born: 11 October 1902, Saran
  • Died: 8 October 1979, Patna
  • freedom fighter, social reformer and politician.
  • warded with Magsaysay Award for social service1965.
  • Awarded with ‘Bharat Ratna’1999
  • Popularly known as JP or ‘Lok Nayak’,

Contribution to Freedom Struggle:

  • In 1929, he joined the Indian National Congress.
  • Imprisonment:
  • In 1932 imprisoned for a year for participation in the civil disobedience movement.
  • In 1939 for his opposition to Indian participation in World War II on the side of Britain but escaped.
  • He played a key role in the formation of the Congress Socialist Party (1934), a left-wing group within the Congress Party.
  • Post-Independence Role:
  • In 1948, he left the Congress Party and initiated an anti-Congress Campaign.
  • In 1952, he formed the Praja Socialist Party (PSP).
  • In 1954, he devoted his life exclusively to the Bhoodan Yajna Movement, of Vinoba Bhave, which demanded land redistribution to the landless.
  • In 1959 he argued for a “reconstruction of Indian polity” by means of a four-tier hierarchy of village, district, state, and union councils (Chaukhamba Raj).
  • Total Revolution: Against Indira Gandhi Regime as she was found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court. He advocated a program of social transformation which he termed ‘Sampoorna Kranti’ (total revolution) in 1974 against corruption in public life.

Features:

  • Total Revolution has seven component revolu­tions, namely- political, social, economic, cultural, ideological or intellectual, educational and spiritual.
  • The objective was to bring in a change in the existing society that is in tune with the ideals of the Sarvodaya (Gandhian philosophy- progress for all).

Bharat Ratna

  • Jayaprakash Narayan was posthumously conferred with India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna (1999), for his “invaluable contribution to the freedom struggle and upliftment of the poor and downtrodden”.

 Nanaji Deshmukh

  • Born – 11 October 1916.
  • Architect of the path from Gramoday to Rashtrodaya
  • Nanaji Deshmukh was a social worker.
  • Nanaji established the Deendayal Research Institute in 1972 in order to embody the concept of Integral Humanism of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay.
  • During Atalji’s tenure, the Government of India also awarded him Padma Vibhushan for his exemplary contribution in the fields of education, health and rural self-reliance.
  • 2019, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna.
  • 1999 he was honoured with the Padma Vibhushan
  • Awards – Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan
  • Born – 11 October 1916.
  • Architect of the path from Gramoday to Rashtrodaya
  • Nanaji Deshmukh was a social worker.
  • Nanaji established the Deendayal Research Institute in 1972 in order to embody the concept of Integral Humanism of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay.
  • During Atalji’s tenure, the Government of India also awarded him Padma Vibhushan for his exemplary contribution in the fields of education, health and rural self-reliance.
  • 2019, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna.
  • 1999 he was honoured with the Padma Vibhushan
  • Awards – Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan

HOMI JEHANGIR BHABHA

  • Recently the BIRTH anniversary of Homi J. Bhabha was remembered on 30th October.

About Homi J. Bhabha

  • Homi Bhabha belonged to a wealthy Parsi family to Jehangir and Meheren Bhabha.
  • Educated at the Elphinstone College, Bombay and Cambridge University, UK.
  • He pursued a degree in mechanical engineering
  • Acquired a degree in mathematics too.
  • He studied under mathematician Paul Dirac.
  • He was a nuclear physicist who made vital contributions to quantum theory and cosmic radiation and was the first chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India set up in 1948.

Contributions of HOMI JEHANGIR BHABHA

  • 1933, he secured a doctorate in nuclear physics. His paper for his doctoral thesis was titled ‘The Absorption of Cosmic radiation’. This won him the Newton Studentship which he held for three years. He completed his thesis under Ralph Fowler. Apart from working at Cambridge, he also spent time working in Copenhagen with Nobel laureate Niels Bohr.
  • 1935 he published paper on electron-positron scattering was appreciated much by the scientific community and this phenomenon was later renamed Bhabha scattering.
  • 1939 He returned to India and then became the Reader in the Physics Department at the Indian Institute of Science, which was then headed by eminent scientist and Nobel laureate C V Raman.
  • At the IISC, he established the Cosmic Ray Research Unit.
  • He also played a big role in the establishment of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai.
  • Bhabha convinced the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to start a nuclear programme.
  • He started research on nuclear weapons in 1944.
  • He set up the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in 1945
  • The Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. He was the first chairman of the Commission.
  • Bhabha represented India in IAEA
  • 1955, was also the President of the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in Geneva.
  • He was an aggressive promoter of nuclear weapons for the country’s defence.
  • Bhabha was instrumental in devising the strategy behind the country’s nuclear programme.
  • He pioneered the use of THORIUM to extract uranium from it rather than relying on the meagre reserves of uranium in India.
  • Formulated India’s three-stage nuclear power programme.
  • Homi Bhabha died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc in the Swiss Alps while on his way to Vienna for a meeting on 24 January 1966. He was 56 years old.
  • Various institutes have been named after this eminent physicist such as the
    • Homi Bhabha National Institute,
    • Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education
    • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).

BARC (formerly known as the Atomic Energy Establishment) is India’s leading nuclear research facility located in Bombay.

  • Recently ROCKET BOYs Name web series is made on the life of HOME JEHANGIR BHABHA and VIKRAM SARABHAI

Munshi Premchand

  • Death Anniversary of Shri Munshi Premchand on 8 October.

Facts To Know

  • Premchand was born as Dhanpat Rai Srivastav, on 31st July 1880 in Lamhi village near Varanasi in UP.
  • By many known writers, he has been referred to as the “Upanyas Samrat”.
  • Before he started writing in Hindi, he used to write in Urdu.
  • His first short novel was ‘Asrar-e-Ma’abid’ (Devasthan Rahasya).
  • He first wrote with a pen name “Nawab Rai”, but subsequently switched to “Premchand”. His works include more than a dozen novels, around 250 short stories, several essays and translations of a number of foreign literary works into Hindi.
  • His first work was Asrar-e-Ma’abid (Urdu) or Devasthan Rahasya (Hindi) published in 1903.
  • Godaan’ (The Gift of a Cow), Premchand’s last completed work, is generally accepted as his best novel, and is considered as one of the finest Hindi novels. The protagonist, Hori, a poor peasant, desperately longs for a cow, a symbol of wealth and prestige in rural India.
  • Other important works are Seva Sadan, Rangbhoomi, Pratigya, Kayakalp, Gaban, Kamabhoomi etc
  • His work arouses the public awareness about various social issues. His works often depict the menace of corruption, child widowhood, prostitution, feudal system, poverty, and colonialism and freedom struggle. His novels describe the problems of the poor and the urban middle-class.
  • The Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters, set-up the Premchand Fellowships in his honour in the year 2005. It is given to persons of eminence in the field of culture from SAARC countries.
  • On 31st July 2016, Google exhibited a Google doodle, honouring Premchand’s 136th birthday.

Lokmanya Tilak

  • Lokmanya Tilak, the first popular leader of the Indian Freedom Struggle.
  • Born on July 23, 1857 Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.
  • Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and freedom fighter.
  • Started celebrating Ganesh Utsav and Shivaji Utsav in Maharashtra region
  • Called as “Father of Indian Unrest
  • Gained much fame during the Home Rule Movement, due to which he was given the Title of Lokmanya.
  • Passed away on August 1, 1920 in Mumbai.

Rabindranath Tagore – Gurudev

  • Shri Rabindranath Tagore – Nobel Laureate
  • Also known as Gurudev.
  • Born on May 7, 1861 in Kolkata.
  • Death on August 7, 1941 in Kolkata.
  • He was a poet, litterateur, philosopher, playwright, musician and painter.
  • Awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913
  • Nobel Prize was awarded for composing epic GITANJALI.

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