• The scheme was launched on June 1, 2020 to provide ‘collateral-free loans’ to street vendors across India for economic upliftment after facing acute financial problems during COVID-19.
  • The Madhya Pradesh government has successfully implemented ‘Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi’ (PM SVANidhi) Yojana, which benefits street vendors around the country. The scheme was introduced on June 1, 2020, at the peak of COVID-19, to ensure their economic upliftment.
  • Under this scheme, ‘collateral-free loans’ are provided to the street vendors amounting to ₹10,000 that help them resume their work that was put on hold due to the economic crisis caused by the deadly virus.
  • The scheme encourages the street vendors to go down the self-employment route. It provides loans at an interest rate below 12%. Madhya Pradesh was given a target of 4,05,000 vendors to distribute loans.
  • For implementing the Pradhan Mantri Svanidhi Yojana, Madhya Pradesh was given a target of 4,05,000 beneficiaries. Around 4,11,481 vendors have been disbursed interest-free loans of ₹10,000. So the state achieved 101.60% of the target


  • The scheme is a Central Sector Scheme i.e. fully funded by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs with the following objectives: (i) To facilitate working capital loan up to `10,000; (ii) To incentivize regular repayment; and (iii) To reward digital transactions
  • The scheme will help formalize the street vendors with above objectives and will open up new opportunities to this sector to move up the economic ladder.

PM Awas Yojana’s light house project under construction in Indore

  • On January 1, 2021, a virtual bhumi poojan of the Light House Project was performed by the Prime Minister in 6 cities of the country under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
  • 1024 units are being constructed through sandwich panels in Gulmarg complex at a cost of Rs 128 crore near Indore Kanadiya Extension.
  • Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U), a flagship Mission of Government of India being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), was launched on 25th June 2015


  • Jal Jeevan Mission launched on August 15, 2019.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • JJM focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
  • Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse, would be undertaken in convergence with other government programmes/schemes.

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)

  • The DAY-NRLM is essentially a poverty relief programme of the Central government. It was launched as ‘Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)’ by the GOI’s Ministry of Rural Development in the year 2011. It was renamed as DAY-NRLM in 2015.
  • The scheme is an improved version of the earlier Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY).
  • The programme is supported partially by the World Bank.
  • It aims at creating effective and efficient institutional platforms to enable the rural poor to increase their household income by means of sustainable livelihood enhancements and better access to financial services.

16 programmes under Deendayal Antyodaya Programme at present

1. Integrated Rural Development Programme.

2. Employment oriented programmes in rural and urban areas.

3. Development of animal husbandry programme as village industry for the landless, marginal and small farmers.

4. Programme of social forestry and improvement of degraded forests to provide employment to tribal,  scheduled caste and economically weaker sections

5. Arrangement and overall development of encroached forest land as per rules.

6. Development of cottage industries and village industries.

7. Programme to provide land or housing at affordable rates to slum dwellers and homeless people in rural areas.

8. Programme for pension to the destitutes.

9. Special welfare programmes for tribal, scheduled caste and economically weaker sections.

10. Illiteracy prevention programme and programmes of compulsory and free primary education for children in the age group of 6 to 14 years.

11. Programme to provide pure drinking water in every village.

12. Programme to provide electricity in every village.

13. Jeevandhara Programme.

14. Public Health and Family Welfare Programme

15. Women-Child Development Programme.

16. Programme for construction of access roads in rural areas.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana is being operated to provide financial assistance during pregnancy to the women engaged in labour works and to provide cash amount to the pregnant women to compensate for the loss of wages.
  • 5 thousand rupees are given on the birth of the first child.
  • Under the scheme, Rs 991 crore 89 lakh was paid to 23 lakh 7 thousand 880 pregnant women in the state till June 21, 2021.
  • Against the target set for the state, 148 percent achievement has been recorded in the scheme.


  • Scheme is helpful in reducing maternal mortality rate
  •  Objective of the scheme is to improve the health of pregnant women and lactating mother.
  • Under the scheme, on the birth of the first child, an assistance of Rs. 5 thousand is given in three installments for safe motherhood.
    • The first installment of one thousand rupees is given for registration of pregnancy at Anganwadi centre
    • Second installment of two thousand rupees for at least one prenatal check-up and completion of 6 months of pregnancy
    •  Third installment of two thousand rupees for registration of child birth and it is given at the end of the child’s first round of vaccination.

Ladli Laxmi Yojana  – 2007

  • Implemented in 01.04.2007 (April 2007)
  • Objective
    • developing a positive outlook among the people towards birth of the girl child
    • improving sex ratio
    • improving the educational level and health situation of girls in the state
    • laying the foundation for their good future.
  • Under the Scheme
    • Certificate of Rs 1 lakh 18 thousand is provided to the beneficiary girl
  • Women and Child Development Department pays
    • Rs 6,000 each (total Rs 30,000) is transferred to the Madhya Pradesh Ladli Laxmi Fund for 5 consecutive years in the name of the girl child. Class 1 to V
    • Rs 2000 to eligible beneficiaries of the scheme on admission in Class VI
    • Rs 4000 on admission in Class IX
    • Rs 6000 on admission in Class XI
    • Rs 6000 on admission in Class XII through e-payment.
    • Re 1 lakh on completion of 21 years of age
  • e-payment of Re one lakh on completion of 21 years of age, on the condition that the girl does not get married before the age of 18 and has appeared in Class XII examination.
  • The amount is deposited in the public account of the state government in the form of Madhya Pradesh Ladli Laxmi Yojana Fund.
  • 37, 63, 735 girls have been benefited from the scheme till December 2020.
  • 2, 28, 283 girls have been registered under the Ladli Laxmi Yojana in the financial year 2020-21.
  • Madhya Pradesh Ladli Laxmi (Girl Incentive) Act, 2018 has been implemented by the state government, which provides guarantee for the amount of money given to each girl child, so that the benefits provided to the girl child becomes permanent.
  • Scheme has been given the form of e-Ladli since May 2015.

National Bamboo Mission

  • The restructured National Bamboo Mission was launched in 2018-19 for holistic development of the complete value chain of the sector.

State Bamboo Mission MP

  • Started in 3rd July 2013

Bamboo is called as the Poor Man’s Timber

What is the objective of National Bamboo Mission?

Ans: To promote the growth of the bamboo sector and to promote marketing of bamboo-based handicraft.

What type of soil is suitable for bamboo?

Ans:  Sandy soil (ph:5.5 to 6.5)

Name the state which has largest area under bamboo.

Ans: Madhya Pradesh

         Madhya Pradesh has 20.3% of the area and 12% of the growing stock

         North Eastern states have 28% of the area and 66% of the growing stock.

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